We heard a reporter who borrowed money from the law enforcement officers and even from the city police commission; We read about this football strategist who plays away hundreds of thousands of dollars, and then we learned that a TV producer had tax irregularities and we had committed bank fraud. To the public eye, they would have been objects of contempt. But that had changed to compassion when the media was and the public turned their attention to it has been called as the mandatory game.
When compulsory gambling (or pathological gambling) became a medical issue, class of received a promotion. DSM-III (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual) in 1980 classified compulsory gambling as a form of impulse disorder, making individuals who are heavy gamblers like suffering from an illness. They are suffering from a mental disorder that makes their game uncontrollable. Therefore, what all the heavy bettors needed was sympathy. On top of that, they need third-person financial assistance and treatment.
What is worrying about this is that there is no research or evidence proving that excessive gambling is really a disease. Neither can he be proven uncontrollable. On the other hand, this conclusion of the play-as-a-disease might even worsen the situation by hampering efforts to help hard-core players resist their addiction.
The diagnostic and statistical manual does not have any medical catalog for pathological gambling. They only refer to it as an activity that describes the frequency of the person, legal, social, and financial effects. In other words, the mandatory game is not anywhere near its black and white definition of a disease. There is no proof that there is a neurophysiological or neurochemical disturbance that occurs when a person is playing the game. The only things that change are heart and adrenaline rates, which is normal when excited. In fact, the researchers admit that if they discovered that there are neurobiological factors that interrupt normal mental states during the uncontrollable actions that cause of play, then that is their Holy Grail.
This was what gambling investigators have claimed in 1989 when they have published proof that compulsory gambling is in fact a disease. In their study, 17 heavy players exhibited the increasing neurochemical behaviors that explained their extraversion. However, the research lacked evidence that would eventually unify the compulsory game to biology. No biological differences shown that are unique to the mandatory game. Similar neurochemical behaviors are evidenced by other emotion such as despair and provocation. On the other hand, the players under study were not related to other groups so there is really no response regarding uniqueness and specificity. Lastly, no additional studies always followed the 1989 research.